International Seminar on Interculturality

Truth, Justice and Intercultural Dialogue for Reconciliation

 

Date: 14 and 15 September 2017

Place: Almendros Auditorium

Pontifical University Javeriana of Cali, Colombia

 

Once the "Final Agreement for the End of the Conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Long-Lasting Peace" was signed, the implementation of this agreement is a fact that does not admit to retreat in this elusive search of peace in Colombia. A peace that has been an utopia today can begin to be built without excuses.

Based on this fact and knowing that the conflict has left a wounded society, it is important not only to think and recognize reconciliation as a fundamental act to create a new country that provides a stable and lasting peace, but really to observe what are those tools that could let us know what and how we can approach and make reconciliation a reality.

In this sense, the tool that offers the agreement and that is the field that transcends its political character is the fifth point denominated Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-Repetition (SIVJRNR). From this, the history of the conflict and those responsible for it, will be reflected. It is essential that communities take ownership of this system, understand it and make use of the fundamental principles, such as the participation of victims and truth[1].

The importance of this point of the agreement can be related to the International Decade for the Rapprochement of Cultures (2013-2022), born from a necessity to establish new connections between cultural diversity and universal values and that reinforces the commitment of the states of fostering intercultural and interreligious dialogue and the promotion of understanding and cooperation in the service of peace.

The aim of the Decade is to enable harmonious interaction between cultures and people and thereby to disseminate the ideals of peace and non-violence, to foster dialogue among religious confessions, to protect cultural diversity and to cultivate tolerance through intercultural dialogue and concrete initiatives. Its greatest importance is to be an object for the attainment of peace and reconciliation.

One of the initiatives within the Decade is the Fourth World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue, held in Baku, Republic of Azerbaijan, on the theme “Advancing Intercultural Dialogue – New avenues for human security, peace and sustainable development”. It was aimed at further promoting and sustaining understanding and dialogue within and between cultures.

In this context, UNESCO, the coordinating institution of the Decade within the United Nations system, has proposed intercultural dialogue as a way to promote peacebuilding and thus, reconciliation. This proposal is valuable in the Colombian context, since it allows knowing and feed the knowledge of different sectors about a specific topic. Given the importance of the fifth point of the General Agreement, it is important to know the position of the communities on the subject and how they consider appropriate its application and implementation. This is fundamental to build a bridge that approaches the different jurisdictions in Colombia, as it is the indigenous and the transitional justice.

 

It is essential to insist that the social organizations, as the indigenous, afro-Colombian and peasants, are the central protagonists next to the victims within the General Peace Agreement. Hence, in order to achieve an adequate application of the Special Justice for Peace (JEP), the territorial peace approach should be promoted, as well as an intercultural dialogue that promotes the implementation of the Ethnic chapter -main annex that promotes that the different points agreed have the vision that Colombia is a diverse country, where communities have the right to participate in everything that affects them[2]-.

Taking the above into account and the history of the International Seminar on Interculturality, for this 7th version, the participation of different international figures who have promoted or participated in transitional justice and reconciliation processes is proposed, as well as promote an exchange of knowledge and recognition of international experiences that have enriched the system itself (SIVJRNR).

Therefore the Pontifical University Javeriana of Cali and its dependence -Institute of Intercultural Studies-, as well as Guernica 37 International Justice Chambers and UNESCO; with the support from the Ford Foundation and Solidarity Foundation of the University of Barcelona, convene the 7th International Intercultural Seminar: Truth, Justice and Intercultural Dialogue for Reconciliation. A space to reflect and debate on: Building Peace, Territory, Interculturality, Territorial Peace, Transitional Justice and Reconciliation.

 

Objectives:

 

General Objective:

Generate a space of knowledge, reflection, intercultural dialogue and debate, around the fifth point of the "Final Agreement for the End of the Conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Long-Lasting Peace", with the presence of national and international speakers, as well as representatives from the communities, generating a dialogue between diverse identities around the subject.

Specific Objectives:

• Identify the challenges and opportunities from the territories in the areas of Truth, Justice and Intercultural Dialogue, as the main axes to promote reconciliation.

• Promote the implementation of the Agreement from the rural communities and victims.

 

Agenda

The Seminar will developed in two days. On the morning of the first day, there will be a general recount of the process of cessation of armed conflict with the FARC-EP (What has been advanced and what is yet to be implemented?). Then, and as the central theme of this day,  we will deepen into the Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition, emphasizing truth and justice as the main mechanisms for reconciliation. During the second day, national experiences of reconciliation will be addressed and Intercultural Dialogue for reconciliation will be resumed.

 

Day 1:

Thursday 14 September:

Truth and Justice, contributions to Reconciliation

8:00 am
Opening

 

  • Luis Felipe Gómez Restrepo

Principal of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana

  • Lidia Brito

Director of the UNESCO Regional Bureau of Science for Latin America and the Caribbean 

  • Almudena Bernabeu

Foundress of Guernica 37         

  • Luis Fernando Pérez

Ford Foundation

  • General (R) Oscar Naranjo

Vice- Presidente of Colombia

  • Fernando Carrillo

General Attorney

 

9:00 am

Panel:
Status of the Agreement

 

Bearing in mind that point 5 of the general agreement, as well as the Ethnic chapter, are transverse to the whole agreement; it is important to have the perspective of those who are in charge of bring forward the implementation of the general agreement; as well as an academic and community view of what is happening in the territories.

Guiding Questions:

In what state is the implementation of the agreement?

What are the wagers of civil society to achieve the implementation of agreements in the territory?

 

Panelists:

  • Judith Maldonado

Voices of Peace (Movement of the FARC during the Congress)

  • Tania Rodríguez

Coordinator of the Line of Research of social movements, interculturality and peace building from the Institute of Intercultural Studies (IEI)

  • Norman Bañol

Indigenous Reservation of San Lorenzo

 

11:00 am

Presentation:
Justice for reconciliation

 

Having international experiences, where there have been special courts, is of great importance to know firsthand what are the errors and successes of them.

Dr. José Ricardo de Prada, with his wide experience in the subject can contribute with his professional and personal knowledge in this respect. Unveiling what are the main challenges that the magistrates have in the Special Jurisdiction of Peace in Colombia.

 

Speaker:

  • José Ricardo de Prada

Magistrate of National Audience Spain

 

2: 00 pm

Panel:
Reconciliation from the Victims

 

Nine women arrive at an imaginary court. With personal objects of missing or killed relatives, they tell who these relatives are. They transform their pain into poetic memory, into strength to live and complain. They demand justice and the restitution of the good name of those irreparable lost lives. To restore them poetically in the collective memory is essential to know the truth, to stop the war and its spiral of vengeful hatred, to prevent in the future the repetition of those crimes, and to build peace. With the force of poetry, they touch the deepest fibers of the personal and collective soul. They defend the sacred nature of life and death. They are examples of the feminine ethics of care. (Antigones: Women's Court)

 

Ponents:

  • Antígonas Women's Court

 

4: 00 pm

Panel:
Systems of transition to peace. Contributions to Reconciliation

 

The Comprehensive System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Guarantees of Non-repetition is broad and requires a glance from those experts who can expose the challenges of this system. People who have participated in some way or another in the construction of the system and others who are thinking about how to apply it will contribute to achieve a deepening in this very special system that is giving so much to speak not only inside the country but abroad.

Guiding questions:

What is Transitional Justice?

What is the main role of the victims in the System?

What is the role of civil society organizations in the System?

 

Ponents:

  • María Camila Moreno

International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ)

  • Enrique Santiago

Negotiation Adviser. Peace Agreement

  • Alan Aldana

Baltasar Garzón Foundation

  • Manuel Olle Sesé

Professor. Complutense University of Madrid

  • Cesar Rodríguez
    Director of DEJUSTICIA

 

Day 2:

Friday 15 September

Reconciliation and challenges for peacebuilding

 

8:30 am

Lecture:

"Christian Genetics of Reconciliation"
 

Speaker:

  • P. Luis Guillermo Sarasa Gallego, S.J.

Dean of the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical University Javeriana Bogotá Sectional

 

9:15 am

Lecture:

Peace and social mobilization

 

Speaker:

  • Pablo Vommaro

Coordinator of the Working Groups Program and Research Development Area - CLACSO (Argentina)

 

10:00 am

Panel:

Special Jurisdictions. Intercultural Dialogue  

   

There is no denying on the interest generated by a special legal system. In Colombia there is the Indigenous Jurisdiction and, with the existence of the Jurisdiction for Peace, it would be a special legal system that enters to become part of the Colombian legal system.

It is important to know the voices of experts on issues of special jurisdiction, as well as intercultural dialogue, which are the challenges of applying these systems in Colombia.

Guiding Questions:

Is the Special jurisdiction for peace the opposite of the indigenous jurisdiction?

Can conflicts of jurisdiction exist in special jurisdictions for peace?

 

Panelists:                        

  • Almudena Bernabeu

Foundress of Guernica 37

  • Ernesto Perafan

Lawyer - Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca (CRIC)

  • Crisitan Raul Delgado Bolaño

Lawyer Pupsoc

  • Luis Frediur Tobar

Lawyer and Professor at the Pontifical University Javeriana of Cali

 

 

2:00 pm

Lecture:

"Historical memory(s) and intercultural dialogue"

 

The construction of historical memory (s) is a cultural process that involves the processing of lived experience in the context of social frameworks defined by the antagonistic relations between social actors. In historical events in which there has been an armed conflict that left a traumatic mark, the construction of a collective image of the past necessarily goes through a phase of dialogue from different cultural universes. This conference discusses the importance of identifying the components that can foster a dialogue between diverse cultures in the process of building memories that aim at the development of individual and collective trauma to set shared goals and objectives.

 

Speaker:

  • Jorge Enrique González

Coordinator, UNESCO Chair of Intercultural Dialogue - National University (Colombia)

 

3:00 pm

Panel:

Stories of Reconciliation
 

The construction of peace transcends the agreements; the same arises from diverse histories, many born from the victims.

Guiding Questions:

What are these initiatives to achieve reconciliation?

What has been the personal process for building peace?

 

Panelists:

  • Leyner Palacios

Representative. Committee for the Rights of Victims of Bojayá

  • Bertha Lucía Fries
    Nogal victim (Works on reconciliation in Values)
  • Carmen Beramendi

Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO) Uruguay

 


[1] FINAL AGREEMENT FOR THE TERMINATION OF THE CONFLICT AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF A STABLE AND LASTING PEACE. Point Five: Agreement on Victims of Conflict: "Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation and Non-Repetition", including the Special Jurisdiction for Peace; and Commitment on Human Rights. P. 124-192

[2] Ibid. P. 205-209